The term decarbonization literally means the reduction of carbon, or more specifically reducing emissions of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. The overall aim is to convert to an economic system that sustainably reduces and compensates the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO₂). In industry, decarbonization generally means removing carbon from the process chain.
According to the World Resources Institute , decarbonization is one of three main strategies to help countries meet their energy needs with zero-carbon emissions: optimize, electrify, and decarbonize (or shift entirely to zero-carbon technologies to generate electricity).
In the Paris Agreement of 2015, the goal of decarbonization is to reduce CO2 emissions to net zero between 2055-2070, and all GHGs by 2080-2100. As of 2014, around 28 percent of global greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions came from industry, according to the Energy Transitions Commission . Approximately 90% of GHG emissions are CO2, so industry accounts for 30% of CO2 emissions . There are a number of ways industry can contribute to a reduction in CO2 and overall GHG emissions.
Between 1990 and 2014, emissions from the industrial sector increased by 69 percent (2.2 percent per year). The majority of direct industrial CO2 emissions comes from a subset of industries:
Innovation is crucial to decarbonizing these industries, especially in high temperature heat applications.
Many industries are concerned about the emission of polluting gases such as CO2 that contribute to the greenhouse effect and global warming. Apart from regulatory goals, industrial decarbonization offers other benefits to manufacturers. Technology solutions are available to assist with environmental responsibilities as well as raising awareness of these issues within the community. Industries can even accrue economic benefits from energy savings, safety improvements, and recovery and reuse of by-products.
Strategies to accelerate industrial emissions reductions can be categorized into four key areas::
Energy efficiency can be increased in several ways. Generally speaking, these methods fall under the category of retrofitting technology, setting targets, monitoring use, and increasing R&D. All of these methods can also help reduce energy costs and emissions.
Industrial electrification methods aim to replace processes reliant on natural gas or fossil fuels with low-carbon electricity. This includes:
Replacing fossil fuels often means replacing them with low-carbon or zero-carbon energy sources. For low and mid temperature processes, replacing fossil fuels may include electrification, and for high temperature processes, clean hydrogen may be a more suitable replacement.
One promising way to capture CO2 emissions is to install carbon capture and storage technology. Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) refers to a multi-component strategy for capturing point source emissions (fuel combustion and industrial process emissions) and then either using the captured CO2 to make new products or storing it long-term to avoid release into the atmosphere.
Carotek partners with a number of manufacturers contributing to industrial decarbonation with a variety of solutions.
Armstrong International offers solutions for superior thermal utility system performance in industry. Armstrong products help you achieve decarbonization goals when you need to:
Flowserve offers a portfolio of flow control solutions to support the reduction of energy-related CO2 emissions across the mix of energy sources. Flowserve’s comprehensive catalog of pumps, seals, valves, actuation, and digital solutions helps meet decarbonization goals within the conventional energy industry and emerging technologies.
Flowserve offers technologies in LNG, hydrogen, carbon capture, renewables and others. Flowserve also provides products used for flow control for an energy transition to hydrogen.
To achieve energy transition goals, the Flowserve Efficiency Advantage Program can enable significant efficiency gains by optimizing pump and valve energy consumption and effective recapture of wasted energy.
In addition, technology solutions like RedRaven provide an end-to-end analytics solution. RedRaven captures insights to monitor, analyze and predict equipment performance to improve their operations, increase asset uptime, and maximize energy efficiency.
Endress+Hauser provides a broad portfolio of products for critical process measuring points in the production, storage and utilization of hydrogen. These instruments can withstand pressures of up to 1,000 bar or more, and are suited to extremely low temperatures down to -253 degrees C. E+H’s solutions for green hydrogen processes include:
Endress+Hauser instrumentation delivers quality, reliability, precision, media resistance and versatility for companies that produce green hydrogen. These instruments ensure a high degree of plant safety by complying with all explosion protection and functional safety (SIL) requirements.
Gardner Denver manufactures liquid ring vacuum pumps and centrifugal blowers, develops compression systems for the recovery of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. These engineered solutions provide solutions for a variety of industries.
Pepperl+Fuchs manufactures explosionproof components and sensors with a wide range of functions for producing green hydrogen. Pepperl+Fuchs offers the hydrogen industry a comprehensive portfolio of devices.
In addition, Pepperl+Fuchs sensor technology enables automation of machinery and plants that are electrical, digital, and energy-efficient. Pepperl+Fuchs products are used to improve electrification and energy efficiency in chemical, metal, packaging, intralogistics, and automotive industries.
Eurotherm products and software for industrial automation are designed to provide world-class process control, recording and automation while reducing energy consumption. Eurotherm products are instrumental in decarbonization of processes in the glass industry.
The glass industry faces the decarbonization challenge of replacing natural gas, and the most promising approaches to reducing CO2 emissions come from process electrification and digitalization. Electrical melting, including hybrid melting (using 50% to 90% electrical energy) addresses the challenge for years to come. a global supplier of advanced power products, electric melting/boosting systems
Eurotherm’s portfolio of advanced power products, electrical melting/boosting systems, temperature control, process control, measurement and data recording products ensure easy operation and reduced engineering time.
Shannon Global Energy Solutions assists industrial decarbonization efforts by installing custom fit, removable, reusable blanket insulation and heat shields. These solutions save facilities an average of 200 tons of CO2 and $30,000 in energy per year simply by installing thermal insulation.
Carotek partners with Shannon Global Energy Solutions to survey facilities and identify uninsulated or poorly insulated system components, including gate valves, heat exchanges, steam traps and more. Once identified, these issues can be addressed with blanket insulation and heat shields.